Earth Day Special: Saving Planet Earth

by Autocar Pro News Desk , 22 Apr 2018

Today – April 22 – is Earth Day. Each year, Earth Day marks the anniversary of the birth of the modern environmental movement in 1970.

The year 1970 was the height of counterculture in the United States, it witnessed the death of Jimi Hendrix, the last Beatles album, and Simon & Garfunkel’s 'Bridge Over Troubled Water'. War raged in Vietnam and students across the US overwhelmingly opposed it.

At the time, Americans were slurping leaded fuel through massive V8 sedans. Industry belched out smoke and sludge with little fear of legal consequences or bad press. Air pollution was commonly accepted as the smell of prosperity. 'Environment' was a word that appeared more often in spelling contests than on the evening news.

Although mainstream America largely remained oblivious to environmental concerns, the stage had been set for change by the publication of Rachel Carson’s New York Times bestseller Silent Spring in 1962. The book represented a watershed moment, selling more than 500,000 copies in 24 countries, and beginning to raise public awareness and concern for living organisms, the environment and links between pollution and public health.

Earth Day 1970 gave voice to that emerging consciousness, channeling the energy of the anti-war protest movement and putting environmental concerns on the front page.


Now, 48 years later, the automobile and automotive industries, are seized of the immensity of the environmental issue. Vehicle and component manufacturers are taking to new materials, technologies and processes to lightweight vehicles to s-t-r-e-t-c-h every litre of fuel to the maximum, motorists still tanking up on fossil fuel can also their bit to conserve petrol and diesel. Or shift gear to electrified vehicles. All in a bid to stave off pollution and save Planet Earth.

As the Worldwatch Institute says, it's the last call for a healtheir planet – and it's the only one we have.

The cost of fossil-fueled motoring, is going only one way – up. In Mumbai, motorists are paying a burning-a-hole-in-the-wallet Rs 82 per litre. While we can’t do anything about the price of fuel, we can offer you a few pointers on how to increase your car's fuel economy. Follow these 10 handy tips to improve efficiency and get the best kilometres per litre from your car.

Tip 1: Remove weight
Remove excess weight. Take unnecessary bulky items out of the car, such as that golf bag you carry for the weekend and forget to take out for the rest of the week. Also, if the kids are staying at home, so can their teddy bears and other knick-knacks.

Tip 2: Reduce drag
Remove external carrying kit such as roof boxes whenever they aren’t being used. The car has to work harder to cut through the air due to the extra wind resistance such items create.

Tip 3: Basic maintenance
Keep your car well maintained and serviced regularly. Pump up your tyres to reduce resistance and get the car serviced regularly.

Tip 4: Plan journeys
Plan your journey. Avoid traffic black spots and busy times if possible, and get the map or sat-nav out to avoid getting lost and driving farther than necessary.

Tip 5: Turn off air-conditioning
Unless it’s really cold or uncomfortably warm in the car, leave the air-con turned off. Using it can put a strain on the engine and burn more fuel, especially at low speeds. The same goes for heated windscreens, demisters and other electrical appliances.

Tip 6: Change up early
Be gentle and change gear early. Accelerate and brake gently, and change to a higher gear as soon as possible. As a general guide, change up before 2000rpm in a diesel and 2500rpm in a petrol, without letting the engine struggle at low revs.

Tip 7: Use engine stop/start
Lots of modern cars are fitted with engine stop-start technology, which can be great if you let it work properly. Sit with your foot on the clutch and the engine will continue to burn fuel; take it off and you’ll save money and fuel.

Tip 8: Obey speed limits
Stick to the speed limits – it helps conserve fuel. Where it is appropriate, driving at a steady speed of 80 kilometres per hour (kph) instead of 110kph can improve fuel economy by 25 percent.

Tip 9: Read the road
Use gravity to your advantage and build up momentum when going downhill to help you then get uphill, rather than accelerating more to get up the incline. The best way to do this is to read the road as if you were on a pushbike and accelerate accordingly.

Tip 10: Use gravity
Look far ahead while driving and keep moving where possible by anticipating obstacles. Easing off the throttle and keeping momentum is better than speeding up, braking and then starting all over again.

Tip 11: Go electric
If you really want to make a difference, both to your conscience as well as to your wallet, then think electric vehicle (EV). Initial cost of the EV is on the higher side, albeit manufacturers and the government are working on strategies to reduce this. But in terms of greener motoring, this is a smart way to reduce fossil fuel consumption and also reduce CO2 levels.

Yes, there are challenges in the form of an inadequate charging infrastructure in India, few EVs on offer and fewer sales (only 777 electric cars were sold in all of India in FY2018) but this could change in the future.

Earth Day 2018's theme is 'End Plastic Pollution'. As the Earth Day Network, which is working to secure a future free of plastic pollution, says, "We need strong policies to protect us and our environment - and leaders who understand that necessary regulations will do just that."

Earth Day Network, the organisation that leads Earth Day worldwide, says the exponential growth of plastics is threatening our planet’s survival. EDN has built a multi-year campaign to End Plastic Pollution.Its goals include ending single-use plastics, promoting alternatives to fossil fuel-based materials, promoting 100 percent recycling of plastics, corporate and government accountability and changing human behaviour concerning plastics.

If you're keen to stay abreast of the latest technological updates in the automotive world and the latest fuel-saving advances, we suggest you tune in to Autocar Professional, India's leading automotive B2B title, in print and online.

Autocar Professional magazine is available through select newsagents and for digital download from Magzster. You can also buy one-off copies of Autocar Professional magazine – contact Ganesh at or write to us at Alternatively, never miss an issue – subscribe to Autocar Professional magazine today.

Must-reads: India's Top 10 fuel efficient scooters

India's Top 10 fuel efficient diesel cars

India's Top 10 fuel efficient petrol cars




Here are simple and easy tips to help you go green, protect the earth, save money and make every day Earth Day. You can make a difference!

  1. Join Earth Day Network’s campaign to End Plastic Pollution.
  2. Reduce your carbon footprint and take our Carbon Footprint Quiz.
  3. Plant a tree or donate a tree through our Canopy Project.
  4. Join a local park, river or beach clean-up.
  5. Use environmentally-friendly, non-toxic cleaning products.
  6. Replace inefficient incandescent light bulbs with efficient CFLs or LEDs. Reduce your carbon footprint by 450 pounds a year.
  7. Carpool, ride your bike, use public transportation or drive an electric or hybrid car. Reduce your carbon footprint by one pound for every mile you do not drive.
  8. Keep your tires properly inflated and get better gas mileage. Reduce your carbon footprint 20 pounds for each gallon of gas saved.
  9. Change your car’s air filter regularly.
  10. Teleconference instead of traveling. If you fly five times per year, those trips are likely to account for 75% of your personal carbon footprint.
  11. Stop using disposable plastics, especially single-use plastics like bottles, bags and straws.
  12. Recycle paper, plastic and glass. Reduce your garbage by 10% and your carbon footprint by 1,200 pounds a year.
  13. Donate your old clothes and home goods instead of throwing them out. When you need something, consider buying used items.
  14. Use cloth towels instead of paper ones.
  15. Change your paper bills to online billing. You’ll be saving trees and the fuel it takes to deliver your bills by truck.
  16. Read documents online instead of printing them.
  17. When you need to use paper, make sure it’s 100% post-consumer recycled paper.
  18. Set your office printer to print two-sided.
  19. Collect used printer, fax, and copier cartridges to recycle.
  20. Convince your school district or office building to choose reusable utensils, trays, and dishes in the cafeteria.
  21. Use reusable bottles for water, and reusable mugs for coffee.
  22. Bring reusable bags when you shop.
  23. Pack your lunch in a reusable bag.
  24. Organize to have healthy, locally-sourced food served at in your school district.
  25. Buy local food to reduce the distance from farm to fork. Buy straight from the farm, frequent your local farmers’ market, or join a local food co-op.
  26. Buy organic food to keep your body and the environment free of toxic pesticides. Support farmers and companies who use organic ingredients.
  27. Grow your own organic garden, or join a farm-share group.
  28. Reduce your meat consumption to curb carbon emissions from the livestock industry.
  29. Compost kitchen scraps for use in your garden — turning waste into fertilizer.
  30. Take a shorter shower and use a water-saving shower head.
  31. Fix leaky faucets and shower-heads.
  32. Run your dishwasher only when it’s full to save water and energy.
  33. Conserve water outdoors by only watering your lawn in the early morning or late at night. Use drought-resistant plants in dry areas.
  34. Wash your clothes only when necessary, use cold water and line dry.
  35. Form a “green team” at your office to find cost-effective ways to conserve resources and promote sustainability.
  36. Volunteer for a local environmental group and/or make a donation.
  37. Pull out invasive plants in your yard or garden and replace them with native ones.
  38. Turn off and unplug electronics you’re not using. This includes turning off your computer at night.
  39. Turn off lights when you leave a room.
  40. Install solar panels on your roof.
  41. Take the stairs instead of the elevator to save energy (and get exercise!).
  42. Move your heater thermostat down two degrees in winter and up two degrees in the summer to reduce your carbon footprint by 2,000 pounds.
  43. Lower the temperature on your water heater.
  44. Contact your utility company and find out about renewable energy options.
  45. Use energy-efficient appliances and electronics.
Tags: Earth Day