The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Toyota Motor Corporation have named the manned pressurised rover, which is currently under joint research by JAXA and Toyota, the 'Lunar Cruiser'.
JAXA and Toyota have been conducting joint research on a manned, pressurised lunar rover that uses fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) technologies.
The two firms says the Lunar Cruiser nickname was chosen “because of the familiar feeling it offers the people involved in the development and manufacture of the vehicle prototype as part of the joint research project as well as the familiarity it will provide the general public. The name, which references the Toyota Land Cruiser SUV, was decided upon based on the quality, durability, and reliability expected of the pressurised lunar rover, and the concept that Toyota has long held to for the Land Cruiser, which was for people to "come back alive," especially true for the lunar rover as it will be traversing the harsh environment of the moon's surface.”
On June 13, 2019, JAXA and Toyota signed a joint research agreement to work on a manned pressurised lunar rover, with an expected launch date in the latter half of the 2020s. Together, they are working to manufacture test parts for each technological element, and the prototype rover itself, during this fiscal year (FY2020). The work involves the use of simulations to confirm power and heat dissipation performance while driving, the manufacture and assessment of prototype tires, and the use of virtual reality and full-scale models to consider the layout of equipment in the cabin of the Lunar Cruiser.
Furthermore, as part of their efforts to create new partners with Team Japan, JAXA and Toyota have been discussing laterally with a variety of industries via study meetings based on the theme of "a lunar society pioneered by the manned pressurised rover" (also known as Team Japan Study Meeting). The meetings focus on how the manned pressurised rover becomes the starting point of a vision of a future lunar surface-based society while discussing the challenges associated with the creation of this type of society.
JAXA and Toyota say they will gather the knowledge, experience and technological capabilities of enterprises from across a variety of industries in their attempt to realise their dream of sustaining continuous activities on the surface of the moon as Team Japan, moving forward.
The Team Japan Working Group, led by JAXA, Toyota and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., was launched in August 2019. Three working groups and one session on the co-creation of a lunar society have been held to date, with about 100 companies registered.