The Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA), the apex body representing India’s auto component manufacturing industry today announced the findings of its industry performance review for FY2020. The turnover of the automotive component industry stood at Rs 3.49 lakh crore (usd 49.2 billion) for the period April 2019 to March 2020, registering a year-on-year de-growth of 11.7 per cent over the previous year.
Commenting on the performance of the auto component industry in India, Vinnie Mehta, director general, ACMA said, “The overall vehicle industry witnessed a severe downturn in 2019-20 that saw its sales slump by 18%. The component industry, in tandem, posted a subdued performance with de-growth of 11.7 per cent over the year, registering a turnover of Rs.3.49 lakh crore (US$ 49.2 billion). Auto Component Aftermarket at Rs.69,381 crore (US$ 9.8 billion) remained stable while sales to OEMs in the domestic market at Rs.2.87 lakh crore (US$ 40.5 billion) declined 17 per cent. Both Imports and exports declined by 11.4 per cent and 3.2 per cent respectively; Imports stood at Rs. 1.09 lakh crore (US$ 15.4 billion), while exports at Rs. 1.02 lakh crore (US$ 14.5 billion)”.
Sharing his insights on the industry’s performance, Deepak Jain, president, ACMA said, “The automotive industry faced a prolonged slowdown in FY2019-20 with vehicle sales in all segments plummeting significantly. Subdued vehicle demand, investments made for transition from BSIV to BSVI, liquidity crunch, lack of a clarity on policy for electrification of vehicles and slow-down in key export markets, among others, had an adverse impact on the performance of the components sector in India as also on its expansion plans”.
Speaking about the currentsituation, Jain elaborated, “The auto component industry has displayed remarkable resilience in wake of the lockdown; the industry faced acute challenges on the front of working capital, production and dysfunctional logistics. However, with unlocking of economy, growth seems to be returning to the industry with uptick in vehicle consumption especially in the two-wheelers, passenger vehicles and the tractor segments, although sales of commercial vehicles continue to be challenged. The component industry’s performance is expected to return to pre-COVID levels by the festive season should the ramp-up be not stymied by lockdowns in manufacturing zones and lack of availability of manpower. Going forward, to allow for uninterrupted production in the automotive value chain, despite local lockdowns, ACMA has recommended to the Government to accord ‘continuous production industry’ status to the automotive industry”.
ACMA bats for GST cut, scrappage policy
The long-term prospects of the Indian auto component industry continue to be bright, especially with focus of the Government on ‘Atmanirbharta’ and global competitiveness of the industry. The auto component industry and the vehicle industry are closely working together for ‘deep-localisation’ and import substitution, which will result in higher value-addition by the auto component manufacturers making the sector exports competitive”, added Jain.
ACMA says it continues to support the vehicle industry in its request to the government for enhancing vehicle demand in the country through reduction in GST on all vehicle categories to 18 percent and introduction of an incentive based scrappage policy.
For the components sector, ACMA continues to recommend a uniform 18 percent GST rate across the auto component sector; currently 60 percent of the auto components attract 18 percent GST rate, while the rest 40 percent, majority of which are two-wheelers and tractor components, attract 28 percent. The latter high rate has led to flourishing grey operations in the aftermarket. A benign rate of 18 percent will not only ensure better compliance but will also ensure a larger tax base.
Exports: Exports of auto components witnessed degrowth of 3.2 per cent to Rs.1.02 lakh crore (USD 14.5 billion) in 2019-20 from Rs 1.06 lakh crore (USD 15.2 billion) in 2018-19. Europe accounting for 30 per cent of exports, saw a decline of 11 percent, while North America and Asia, accounting for 30 per cent and 27 per cent respectively remained stable.
The key export items included drive transmission & steering, engine components, Body/Chasis, Suspension & Braking etc.
Imports: Slowdown in the domestic market also reflected on imports of component into India. Component imports fell by 11.4 per cent to Rs.1.09 lakh crore (USD 15.4 billion) in 2019-20 from Rs.1.23 lakh crore (USD 17.7 billion) in 2018-19. Asia accounted for 65 per cent of imports followed by Europe and North America at 26 per cent and 8 per cent respectively. Imports from Asia declined by 7 per cent, while those from Europe by 22 per cent and from North America by 17 per cent.
Aftermarket: The aftermarket in FY 2019-20 remained stable despite a downturn in the vehicle industry. The turnover of the aftermarket stood at Rs 69.381 crore (USD 9.8 billion) growing marginally by 2.8 per cent over the previous year.