and safety requirements are two critical issues facing
the automotive industry, worldwide. Indian Automobile
Industry in the last decade has made significant progress
on the environmental front by adopting stringent emission
standards, and is progressively aligning technically
with international safety standards.
Central Motor Vehicle Rules (CMVR) came into force
from 1989 and serious enforcement of regulations came
into effect. Chapter V of the Central Motor Vehicle
Rules, 1989 deals with construction, equipment and
maintenance of vehicles and in addition to rules governing
emission limits, there are several rules in this chapter
requiring motor vehicles to comply with safety regulations.
Vehicles being manufactured in the country have to
comply with relevant Indian Standards (IS) and Automotive
Industry standards (AIS). Indian Standards (IS) have
been issued since the late 1960s and these standards
for Automotive Components were based on EEC/ISO/DIN/BSAU/FMVSS
etc at that time.
Regulations are reviewed periodically by the Technical
standing Committee on MCVR (CMVR-TSC).
States also have their State Motor Vehicle Rules
Since 2000 ECE Regulations have been used as basis
for Indian regulations and since 2003, increased efforts
are being made to technically align with ECE. Variance
from ECE exists on formatting phraseology and administration
Alignment of Indian regulations (AIS/ BIS) with ECE
is being attempted as per the broad roadmap drafted
In order to have a planned approach to introduction
of advanced safety features, SIAM drew up a Road Map
for Automobile Safety Standards. The Roadmap was prepared
by the CMVR, Safety & Regulations Committee.
The current traffic conditions, driving habits, traffic
density and road user behaviour necessitate that maximum
safety be built into the vehicles. Progressive tightening
of safety standards taking into account unique India
requirements has been addressed by the Road Map with
a view to reducing the impact of accidents and thereby
improving safety of the vehicle occupants and vulnerable
The Roadmap was presented to the Government in January
2002 which received an in-principle approval of the
Ministry of Shipping, Road Transport & Highways.
Based on discussions with all stakeholders, a roadmap
has been finalized by the Ministry and work has commenced
on the standards and notifications for the various
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